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Ilanet.GroundedTheoryr1.21 - 27 Sep 2017 - 18:07 - GregorioIvanoff

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Goals and Perspective

By Steve Borgatti

The phrase "grounded theory" refers to theory that is developed inductively from a corpus of data. If done well, this means that the resulting theory at least fits one dataset perfectly. This contrasts with theory derived deductively from grand theory, without the help of data, and which could therefore turn out to fit no data at all.

Grounded theory takes a case rather than variable perspective, although the distinction is nearly impossible to draw. This means in part that the researcher takes different cases to be wholes, in which the variables interact as a unit to produce certain outcomes. A case-oriented perspective tends to assume that variables interact in complex ways, and is suspicious of simple additive models, such as ANOVA with main effects only.

Part and parcel of the case-orientation is a comparative orientation. Cases similar on many variables but with different outcomes are compared to see where the key causal differences may lie. This is based on John Stuart Mills' (1843, A system of logic: Ratiocinative and Inductive) method of differences -- essentially the use of (natural) experimental design. Similarly, cases that have the same outcome are examined to see which conditions they all have in common, thereby revealing necessary causes.

The grounded theory approach, particularly the way Strauss develops it, consists of a set of steps whose careful execution is thought to "guarantee" a good theory as the outcome. Strauss would say that the quality of a theory can be evaluated by the process by which a theory is constructed. (This contrasts with the scientific perspective that how you generate a theory, whether through dreams, analogies or dumb luck, is irrelevent: the quality of a theory is determined by its ability to explain new data.)

Although not part of the grounded theory rhetoric, it is apparent that grounded theorists are concerned with or largely influenced by emic understandings of the world: they use categories drawn from respondents themselves and tend to focus on making implicit belief systems explicit.

RECUERO, Raquel da Cunha. Warblogs: Os Blogs, a Guerra no Iraque e o Jornalismo Online. Escola de Comunicação da UCPel, PPGCOM/UFRGS. Artigo apresentado no Núcleo de Pesquisa de Tecnologias da Comunicação e da Informação do XXVI INTERCOM. Disponível em < >. Acesso em 17 nov. 2004.

O presente trabalho trata dos warblogs (weblogs cujo o foco central seria a Guerra no Iraque) e o jornalismo online. Construído do ponto de vista da Grounded Theory, o artigo procura categorizar e classificar várias características observadas nesses weblogs e seu impacto no jornalismo online, bem como as possíveis modificações que eles podem estar construíndo na mídia tradicional (RECUERO, 2004).

Palavras-chave: teoria fundamentada (nos ou em dados), produção do conhecimento, ordenamento conceitual, infraestrutura virtual, rentabilidade, descrição, processo, categorias, propriedades, dimensões, relações, Disciplina CRP5911

Keywords: evolving theory, serious games, warblogs

ELLIOTT; SCACCHI. Software Development in a Virtual Organization Culture, 2003.

GRINTER, Rebecca Elizabeth. Understanding Dependencies, 1996.

Grounded Theory. Available from < >. access on 27 September 2011.

Heuristics. Available from < >. access on 15 September 2011.

Kids Awarded Guns In Somali Recruitment Game. Available from <,1518,788434,00.html#ref=nlint >. access on 27 September 2011.

Strauss, A.; Corbin, J. Basics of Qualitative Research Techniques and Procedures for Developing Grounded Theory, 2 ed. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1998.

vLSM. Available from < > and < >.

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-- GregorioIvanoff - 17 Nov 2004
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